Low Fiber Diet | What vegetables have low fiber?

Low Fiber Diet
Low Fiber Diet | What vegetables have low fiber?

A balanced diet enriched with all types of nutrients is necessary for every individual, regardless of age or physical condition. Fiber is an essential component of our daily diet, which helps keep our digestive system healthy. Unlike other nutrients, it does not break down and is absorbed by the cells of our body. In this way, it reaches the large intestine and colon, increasing the amount of excretory waste products leaving our bodies.

For adults under 50 years of age, the daily recommended intake of fiber is 38 grams, while for older adults, it is only 30 grams per day. The recommended daily fiber intake for women under 50 years of age is 25 grams, while for older women, it is 21 grams per day. Therefore, it is important to consume sufficient amounts of whole grains, nuts, fresh vegetables, and fiber-rich fruits to meet the daily requirement.

Low Fiber Diet | What vegetables have low fiber?

Different types of fiber:

1. Insoluble fiber: 

Cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose are types of fiber that do not dissolve in water or other liquids. Therefore, these fibers are called insoluble and are necessary to increase the bulk of feces. Typically, whole grains, nuts, wheat bran, rice bran, beans, potatoes, cauliflower, some vegetables, and fruit peels are the best sources of insoluble fiber. Doctors recommend these foods to patients suffering from constipation and other digestive problems.

2. Soluble fiber: 

Certain types of fibers, such as pectin, mucilage, and gum, have the ability to dissolve in water and create a thick and gelatinous substance when they come into contact with water. Doctors recommend the intake of these fibers to reduce blood sugar and bad cholesterol (LDL) levels. Flaxseed, barley, lentils, psyllium husk, dried beans, peas, oat bran, soybeans, and some fruits and vegetables are high in this type of fiber.

Which common food items are rich in fiber?

  • Beans and other legumes and lentils
  • Broccoli, carrots, beets
  • Whole grains such as brown rice, millet, wheat bran, oats…
  • Apples, bananas, avocado, guava, jamun…
  • Nuts, seeds, and dried fruits.
    Low Fiber Diet | What vegetables have low fiber?

What are the benefits of a high-fiber diet?

  • Easy bowel movement: The presence of fiber in the diet softens a large part of the stool, making it easy for solid waste to be eliminated from the body. Fiber also absorbs excess water from the stool and increases its quantity.
  • Healthy digestive system: Consuming fiber-rich foods can help relieve constipation in people suffering from it. Including fiber in your daily diet can also help prevent diseases like hemorrhoids, colorectal cancer, and diverticular disease.
  • Reduces bad cholesterol: Fiber-rich foods can help lower the levels of bad cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the blood. Usually, soluble fibers found in flaxseed, oats, and beans are effective in this regard.
  • Regulates blood glucose levels: People with diabetes can lower their high blood sugar levels by including a large amount of soluble fiber in their daily diet. These fibers slow down glucose absorption in the blood cells, resulting in reduced blood sugar levels.
  • Helps in weight loss: Dieticians recommend consuming fiber-rich foods to reduce excess weight in obese patients. Fiber satisfies their hunger and keeps them full for a longer period of time. This way, they can control their food intake and lose weight quickly. Additionally, most fiber-rich foods contain very few calories.
  • Increases lifespan: Consuming a fiber-rich diet is directly associated with a reduced risk of diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. By consuming more fiber-rich foods every day, you can increase your chances of living a longer life.

The signs that indicate a low-fiber diet in your meals:

If you do not regularly consume sufficient fiber-rich foods, you may experience some symptoms related to your health. If you are suffering from any of the following symptoms, you should immediately start eating such foods.

  • Constipation: Severe constipation and frequent stool discharge are the primary symptoms of serious constipation. If you suffer from this problem, it means that your diet lacks adequate amounts of fiber.
  • Weight gain: If you are not easily satisfied, it shows that your diet lacks fiber. As a result, you continue to eat and still do not feel satisfied, leading to a rapid increase in your body weight.
  • Fatigue: The constant lack of fiber in your diet can make you feel tired even after doing a little bit of work.
  • Increase in blood sugar: Unusual fluctuations in your blood sugar levels may also indicate that you are neglecting to consume fiber-rich foods. This symptom becomes more apparent for diabetic patients, and they find it difficult to control their glucose levels without eating fiber.
    Low Fiber Diet | What vegetables have low fiber?

Diseases associated with a low-fiber diet:

  • A lack of fiber in your diet can lead to digestive problems such as constipation and irregular bowel movements, which can affect your overall health. Severe constipation can cause inflammation and pain in the gastrointestinal tract. 
  • Diarrhea or loose stools are another disorder that can result from a lack of adequate fiber in your daily diet. If there is no fiber in your diet, the excess liquid will not be absorbed in the digestive system, which can cause this condition.
  • Diverticulosis is another serious condition in which small pouches form on the walls of the intestines due to a lack of fiber in your diet. It is a rare disease that is still incurable but can be prevented by adding fiber to your diet daily.
  • Irregular bowel movements and constipation have been linked to colon cancer. You can prevent it by incorporating fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and grains into your daily diet.
  • Most fiber-rich foods also contain antioxidants that can fight inflammation in the body. Therefore, if we do not consume enough fiber, it will be difficult to address the inflammation that can cause many diseases.
  • Obesity is another physical disorder that is attributed to a lack of fiber in daily meals. These fiber-rich foods fill us up without adding calories and fat to our bodies, which can cause weight gain.


Daily consumption of fiber can help in preventing various health problems. You can consult your doctor to determine the amount of fiber-rich foods to include in your regular diet.


How can I increase fiber in my daily diet?

  • Including at least two different types of vegetables, including leafy greens, in your meals is the best way. To ensure sufficient fiber intake, you should also include some delicious and fibrous fruits in your diet.

What fiber-rich foods can we have for breakfast?

  • Oats, apples, blackberries, and yogurt are healthy food options that contain sufficient fiber to start your day.

Do we need to eat dark-colored foods for more fiber?

  • Some dark-colored vegetables such as broccoli, beets, and carrots are high in fiber. Artichokes are also a rich source of fiber.

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